An effort led by Democrats to scrap or bypass the Electoral College and shift presidential elections to contests decided by the national popular vote has almost no chance of succeeding, guaranteeing Democrats will again have to defeat Trump in the Electoral College they lost in 2016 while winning more votes nationally.
The hurdles to amend the Constitution and move to the national popular vote are steep. So the bipartisan National Popular Vote interstate compact seeks to subvert this constitutional shield by convincing states to throw their electoral votes to the winner of the national popular vote, regardless of which candidate wins their state. Compact supporters believe this doesn’t require amending the Constitution, but that notion would be challenged in the courts.
But the effort has run into another problem — stiff political resistance from Republicans, who lately see the Electoral College as possibly their only viable path to the White House.